Parquet flooring is a term used for a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative result usually wooden blocks or strips forming a pattern. Occasionally, the parquet can include decorating of other wood types and materials.
Parquetry became very popular under the name ‘parquet de menaissance’ after changing the marble floors in the bedroom of Louis XIV of France himself during the 17th century. From what Louis XIV executed to his flooring, parquetry has become a symbol of taste and luxury which only the rich can afford to start from this point. When 20th century commenced, machines do the works as the process is cheaper and accessible to everyone.
Oak is the most commonly used wood flooring material for parquetry. Oak is cheaper compared to other types of wood although you can find parquetry made of more exotic kind like mahogany but it comes with a higher price.
For parquetry installation, a perfectly leveled subfloor is required and best to seek professional service for sanding process. Always follow its grain and this is rather hard to achieve on a surface made from wooden blocks facing multiple directions as it is the most important thing when stripping the wood.
Herringbone is the most popular type of parquet pattern. There are several variations like single, double or diagonal herringbone for this simple pattern alone. Although it also comes in completely different styles like:
There is three major group division for structured parquet:
Produced from solid wood blocks of parquet flooring,
Typically made from multiple layers of hardwood
3. parquet overlay
Produced from much narrower wood pieces and usually installed on top of already existing floors.
Parquets can be found in three grades like every regular floor: prime, select and rustic. The highest quality is prime with no knots or sapwood. The middle grade is called selected with few knots and a small amount of sapwood. The rustic grade comes in third which gives the most natural look with many different types of knots.